Anandaram Dhekial Phookan College is one of the premier colleges of Assam. It was established on 7th September, 1959 by a resolution of the Assam Sahitya Sabha. The College was named after the great son of Assam, Anandaram Dhekial Phookan. The college was started at first as a Night College and later on transformed to Day College. Late Sukdev Goswami was the founder principal of the College who dedicated his life for this institution. In 1978 the Science stream was also introduced.
The Department of history was opened from the very beginning of the College both in intermediate and degree level. Honours course(now major) in history was introduced in 1966.Two students of the 1st batch secured honours in the final examination, 1969. Late Kandarpa Dev Goswami was the founder Head of the department. He joined in the service on 16-6-1960 and retired on 01-01-1976. At the initial stage some part time lecturers were also appointed. Among them the most influential figure was Late Abdul Hye .Later he became the Principal of the College. The 2nd lecturer of the department was late Dharmeswar Bora. He joined in the post on 16-09-1964 and expired on 28-1-1991. The 3rd lecturer was late M. Samsuddin who joined the post on 16-01-1965 and retired on 1-10-1996. The 4th lecturer was Nityananda Bora who joined the post on 26-7-1976 and retired on 28-2-2007. Dr. Mina Sarma and Mr. Mrinal Baruah(presently (IAS) also worked for several years as lecturers in the department. Prof. Bedanta Kumar Saikia joined on 05-12/1984 and expired on 13-05-2004. Present Head of the Department Md. Aminul Islam joined on 16-7-1991. Dr. Sadananda Payeng joined on 05-05-1997. Dr. Minumuddin Ahmed joined on 16-01-2006. Dr. Diganta Kumar Boroowa joined on 18-2-2011.
The Department has a collection of about 400 books. The departmental library used to serve the purpose of ready- reference for the teachers and students of the department. Books are also issued to students of major and general courses on their request. The department has computer and internet facilities.